Web Accessibility Guidelines: A Comprehensive Breakdown

Understanding Web Accessibility: Definitions and Destinations

This guide simplifies the why and how of accessibility online and off, and accessible web materials, walking readers through the practical steps organizations can take to equalize access to electronic environments and digital content. Discover how inclusivity expands reach and strengthens connection. Explore key components, practical tips, and legal considerations that smooth the process of creating accessible websites, web apps, and digital documents.


Demystifying Accessibility: Digital, Web, & the Built Environment

Web accessibility is, first, a philosophy of how things should operate. Web or digital accessibility is also practical action: designing, developing, testing, adjusting and maintaining electronic content, online or off, so that environments, devices and content are readily perceivable, understandable, navigable, and operable by all users.

But What Is Accessibility?

Accessibility as a whole refers to taking down present barriers and avoiding the creation of future obstacles in line to be generated by the friction that stands between any environment and the ability continuum: the varying levels of human physical and cognitive abilities. When people plan any project or process, measurements and their expected results are taken into consideration and built into structures and products. Considering outcomes for all users, and incorporating materials, measurements and processes that serve everyone, regardless of disability, is the next level of planning. It should happen at the earliest possible stage.

A diverse group of smiling people using various devices like laptops, tablets, and smartphones, all accessing the same website.

Thinking Three Steps Ahead for Accessibility

Let’s plan a hypothetical library together using the average line of thinking. Our library will have two floors. The first thing we’ll plan is stairs and entryways. Oh. We missed something, didn’t we. Not everyone can use stairs.

We clearly need to reflect and reposition here before we begin to lay the foundation. By using the 3-step process below, we can include more users (or library visitors), and offer better accessibility and usability.

At the end of the three stages listed in the table above, you should have a better and more accessible library building. Or, in the real world, you’ll have a perfected process and improved result at the end of planning and implementation.

A library visitor wheels past a staircase and up a wheelchair ramp.

Achievable Accessibility in the Real World

Rome wasn’t built in a day; accessibility won’t be either. What can we do? We can start where we are, with what we have, and do better. We can make accessibility not just slightly better than it was before we began; we can adjust, streamline, recode and reorganize content and environments to offer the broadest, most robust accessibility, period.

We’re now better equipped to understand the question: what is accessibility? It’s more than a mandatory to-do list detailing how to serve the diverse needs of individuals with disabilities. It’s a way of thinking that expands our mentality beyond the basics. Accessibility is a mindset that seeks to create a truly equitable experience for everyone. And it’s an attitude that anyone can cultivate. Let’s internalize accessibility as part of our worldview, because that’s where accessibility really starts.

Accessibility for Web & Digital

Building Inclusive Electronic Ecosystems

For web accessibility, we understand that the spaces we are creating and modifying are based in the digital realm. Users will interact with electronic environments using different equipment including basic computers or mobile phones, as well as assistive devices such as screen readers.

Web accessibility works to deliver equal access to information and functionalities to all users on the web. This includes accommodating a wide range of users with disabilities: visual, auditory, motor, or cognitive impairments, older individuals with age-related difficulties, and those with temporary injuries or situational limitations such as poor internet connectivity. By implementing web accessibility best practices, developers, designers, and content creators can create more flexible and adaptable media, information, and interfaces. This approach elevates the user experience across the board, making web content more usable and accessible to anyone and everyone accessing the web, whether on mobile devices, under poor lighting conditions, or in places where audio cannot be used.

Hurdles on the Information Highway: Disability-Based Barriers

The web holds immense potential for everyone. Standing in the way of that promise are accessibility barriers: frustrating and unnecessary roadblocks for people with disabilities. Below are a few of the challenges that slow down or obstruct effective use of websites, web applications, and digital content for users with diverse abilities.

Visual Impairment and Blindness

Typical difficulties for users who are blind or visually impaired include:

  • Missing alt text
    Images without these brief descriptions leave screen reader users in the dark, making understanding content impossible.
  • Missing audio descriptions
    Complex visuals remain unexplained for blind users who are not offered audio descriptions.
  • Low color contrast
    Text blending into the background causes difficulty in reading for those with low vision or color blindness.
  • Non-descriptive link text
    Links labeled with vague phrases like “click here” or “read more” provide no context about the link’s destination or purpose, and may confuse screen reader users.
  • Unavailable keyboard navigation
    Sites solely reliant on a mouse exclude users who cannot use one, including those who are blind. This also affects users who have mobility impairments.

Auditory Impairments & Deafness

Commonplace issues for Deaf and hearing-impaired users include:

  • Absent or inadequate captions or transcripts
    Videos and audio content become inaccessible without full, accurate text alternatives.
  • Audio-only instructions or explanations
    Audio instructions or explanations without text-based alternatives exclude users who cannot access audio.
  • Missing visual notifications
    Auditory-only notifications or alerts (such as a ding or beep for a message) without visual alternatives (like a flashing light) are inaccessible to deaf or hard of hearing users, leading to missed important information.

Motor Impairments

Frustrations for users with motor and mobility limitations include:

  • Small touch targets
    Buttons and links too small to tap can vex or obstruct users with limited dexterity.
  • Precise or complex gestures
    Content that requires precise mouse movements or complex touch gestures impede motor-impaired users.
  • Keyboard traps
    Navigation that is intended to work with keyboard but is improperly set can create dead ends for users with motor impairments, as well as those with visual disabilities.
  • Timeouts and inactivity prompts
    Rushed interactions can pressure users who need more time to respond. This affects users with mobility issues as well as those with other disabilities including cognitive impairments.

Cognitive Disabilities

Users with a range of disabilities that affect learning and cognition can be discouraged by:

  • Complex language
    Overly technical language, dense, convoluted sentence structure, and jargon can be difficult to understand.
  • Flickering or flashing elements
    These can trigger seizures or exacerbate sensory overload for some users.
  • Unpredictable structure
    Inconsistent or illogical layout and navigation makes it challenging to find information and understand flow.

The Inaccessibility Impact

Access barriers are not small inconveniences; they have severe consequences for people with any disability:

  • Limited access to information and services
    Educational resources, job opportunities, and essential services may be out of reach, even in emergencies.
  • Social isolation and exclusion
    Inability to connect and participate online can lead to feelings of loneliness and disconnection.
  • Reduced independence and autonomy
    Everyday tasks that rely on the web, like shopping or banking, become difficult or impossible.
  • Economic disadvantages
    Limited access to online resources and tools can hinder career prospects and earning potential. That’s without including further disability discrimination or inaccessibility in the workplace.

In summary, web accessibility barriers not only make it difficult for people with disabilities to use the web but also have broader implications for their social inclusion, access to education, employment opportunities and lifetime revenue expectations, and their overall quality of life.

We need to improve accessibility now, to remove obstacles online and in digital settings, because these consequences cannot be ignored by people with disabilities, and they surely should not be dismissed by website owners and administrators, or by digital designers, developers and content creators. We can work together to unlock a more inclusive digital world where everyone has the opportunity to thrive.

Addressing accessibility barriers cannot wait. The most recent WebAIM Million report offers web accessibility statistics that show why accessibility is so urgently needed. Voting populations and legislative bodies seem to agree. Equitable electronic access is increasingly becoming a legal requirement in many countries.

Before continuing on to explore localized legislation, we must understand what the WCAG is and how it is used as a foundation for laws.

The WCAG: A Common Thread

Developed by the independent World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the body that develops and sets international web standards including HTML and CSS, as part of their Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI), the WCAG are globally relevant guidelines that outline best practices for web accessibility. The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) provide clear, technical accessibility criteria. While not legally binding themselves, they are accepted as standard; they serve as the basis for accessibility laws in the United States, Canada, Europe and around the world.

POUR Principles

These four main ideas are the cornerstones of the WCAG. They break down web accessibility into four aspects of what web accessibility should be: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable and Robust.

  1. Perceivable means users can identify elements using available senses of perception, like vision, hearing, or touch. For example, if someone is missing visual information because they are blind, they should be offered an alternative way to perceive it, using another sense, like hearing.
  2. Operable indicates that a user can successfully interact with controls, buttons, navigation and more, and assistive technology. To provide operable access, web content must offer functionality that works for all users and abilities, including cognitive limitations. Keyboard accessibility is an important operability option for users with different disabilities, using various technologies.
  3. Understandable refers to the user’s ability to comprehend both content and how to use a website. If a website or other web content is consistent, predictable, and appropriate for its audience, it fulfills the requirements for this principle.
  4. Robust means the content can work for many users with a range of different abilities, and it is compatible with most technologies and data delivery formats they are likely to choose.

WCAG Levels

The WCAG guidelines are categorized into three successive levels of conformance:

  1. Level A is the minimum level of accessibility. A site must satisfy this level in order to be considered accessible, but it may not provide complete access for some users.
  2. Level AA deals with the biggest barriers for disabled users. Adhering to this level makes a site accessible to individuals with a wider range of disabilities, including the major categories of visual, hearing, motor, and cognitive. AA builds upon Level A, and includes Level A.
  3. Level AAA is the highest and most stringent level of accessibility. Meeting this level indicates that the site has achieved the highest level of accessibility. Level AAA it is not required for full compliance. Because it has more extensive requirements, it might not be possible to meet AAA for all content, and some of its requirements may even conflict with each other.

To simplify: for WCAG accessibility compliance, content must reach Level AA, which includes Level A.

  • WCAG Versions
    • WCAG 1.0: First version released in 1999, now outdated. Established initial standards.
    • WCAG 2.0: Released in December 2008, widely adopted. Introduced POUR principles, made guidelines technology-neutral.
    • WCAG 2.1: Released in 2018, it incorporated updates and new criteria addressing mobile accessibility, and low vision and cognitive impairments. Most legislation requires 2.1 compliance.
    • WCAG 2.2: Released in October 2023, adding nine new criteria and refinements.

What’s Next: The Accessibility Guidelines Working Group has a major new version in development. Other interim versions may be added for support until the next version release.

United States

In the U.S., Americans with disabilities are protected by:

  • Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

This law mandates that federal agencies make their electronic and information technology accessible to individuals with disabilities, aligning with WCAG standards. While Section 508 itself only applies directly to federal agencies, its influence on broader accessibility efforts has shaped other U.S. accessibility legislation, and has inspired many public and private organizations who are not required to adhere to its standards, but choose to follow them to promote equal access, mitigate legal risk, and improve user experience.

While the ADA doesn't explicitly mention websites, its non-discrimination principles have been interpreted to apply to online platforms. This creates a precedent for establishing and safeguarding equal access for users with disabilities, often using the WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines) as a benchmark.

  • State-Specific Accessibility Laws

States have their own laws and regulations for web accessibility. New York and California are the frontrunners, thought to have some of the strongest state-based web accessibility legislation:

  • California: Has comprehensive legislation like AB 430, mandating WCAG 2.1 AA compliance for websites and mobile apps by 2025/2028. And, the Unruh Civil Rights Act and CDPA address general access rights.
  • New York: Has Executive Order 142 requiring that state government agencies' websites and applications comply with WCAG AA by 2025. N.Y.’s Human Rights Law protects against digital disability discrimination.
  • Other States: Additional state legislation worth mentioning includes the Massachusetts Website Accessibility Law requiring state websites comply with WCAG 2.0 AA by 2025, Maine requirements for  all state websites to adhere to WCAG 2.0 AA and similar standards for mobile apps in development, and Maryland’s Accessible Technology Act, mandating that all state websites and applications be accessible by 2025.

Important factors that affect this type of legislation:

  • Enforcement: Strong laws are ineffective without consistent enforcement. California leads in active web accessibility regulation enforcement via lawsuits and settlements.
  • Interpretation: Court rulings and regulatory guidance shape how laws are interpreted, impacting their effectiveness.
  • Scope: Does the law apply to all entities, public and private? Does it cover website-only, or does it include mobile applications? Does it include the broader spectrum of digital products and devices?


Working to protect the disability rights of Canadians, Canada has:

Country-wide, this law aims to make Canada barrier-free by 2040, including digital content and technologies.

  • Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA)

Provincial laws like the AODA mandate web accessibility for individual provinces. Other, similar laws exist for some other provinces.

Canadian federal and provincial accessibility laws apply to public and private sectors at different levels and with some variation in interpretation, using the WCAG as a benchmark.

Europe, Australia & Beyond

Additional countries with laws that mandate web accessibility for people with disabilities include all member states of the European Union, the United Kingdom and all its member countries, South Korea, Israel and Japan. Countries that do not have specific laws but do have relevant guidelines around web and digital accessibility include New Zealand and India. Specific requirements and enforcement may vary depending on the country, the type of organization in question, and the sectors and locations in which a website is used. It is always wisest to consult a local expert or legal professional for the most reliable, updated information.

Many other countries are actively working on developing and strengthening digital accessibility frameworks. With the global trend towards digital accessibility and inclusion moving upwards, we can expect to see more comprehensive legislation and standards for many more locations emerge in the coming years.

The Importance of Meeting WCAG Standards

As we’ve just reviewed, web accessibility laws around the world lean heavily on the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) as both bedrock and springboard for their digital disability access regulations. While legal requirements may drive faster implementation of web accessibility standards, the benefits of WCAG compliance extend far beyond organizations covering their legal assets.

Here are a few of the reasons why embracing WCAG is the smart choice:

Doing the Right Thing

It is clear that everyone deserves access to web-based and electronic environments, interfaces and information. It seems reasonable to provide it, and it’s only fair to offer access in a way that everyone can use, regardless of disability. That’s what we do when we make websites and digital data accessible to everyone. This alone should be enough of a reason, but let’s add some more.

Side Benefits of Providing Accessible Websites & Applications

  • Wider Audience Reach: By removing accessibility barriers, you tap into a broader potential user base.
  • Inclusive Brand Image: Demonstrating your commitment to accessibility and inclusivity through WCAG compliance showcases your brand's social responsibility, which resonates positively with consumers, partners and employees. This clear indication that your organization values all users and is committed to providing equal access can enhance brand loyalty and attract a broader customer base.
  • Resilient Content: Accessibility standards progress; WCAG compliance prepares your content to be more adaptable to future requirements and technological advancements.
  • Reduced Legal Risk: Proactive adherence to accessibility standards minimizes the risk of legal challenges related to discrimination or non-compliance. Meeting WCAG standards shows good faith and a commitment to accessibility, and can protect organizations from potential lawsuits.
  • Improved SEO: Search engines favor accessible websites. Many of the principles that improve accessibility, such as clear headings, alternative text for images, and structured content, also help search engines understand and index web content more effectively. This can lead to better search rankings and increased visibility online.
  • Reduced Support Costs: Clear structure and intuitive design can minimize user support inquiries.
  • Lower Resource Costs: Designing and developing content and interfaces so that they are accessible from the start is a far smarter and less expensive proposition than ignoring standards and fixing it all later on.
  • Improved User Experience: Compliance with WCAG guidelines, such as clear navigation and responsive design, improves usability for all users across different devices and contexts. This can lead to a better user experience, increased satisfaction, higher engagement rates, more conversions and less churn.

A Testing Toolbox for Inclusive Websites

Evaluating websites for accessibility requires a multi-pronged approach, utilizing various tools and methods. Let's explore some of the available options:

Automated Testing Tools

These tools scan websites for accessibility issues based on predefined criteria, providing a quick overview of accessibility status and identifying potential issues and obstacles. However, they are not a silver bullet.

  • Code-based tools
    Analyze website code for technical compliance with WCAG standards. They can identify WCAG errors such as missing alt text or low color contrast, or run quick checks on single pages or small sites.

    Examples: Siteimprove Accessibility Checker, Deque aXe, WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools
  • User interface (UI) analysis tools
    Simulate how users with disabilities experience the website interface. They can, for example, evaluate color contrast for readability by users with visual impairments, or analyze keyboard keyboard navigation flow and identify potential traps.

    Examples: Color Contrast Checker, HeadingsMap
  • Content analysis tools
    Check for elements like proper heading structure, descriptive link text, and accessible forms.

    Examples: Accessibility Toolbar, Web Developer Toolbar

Remember, automated tools are valuable starting points, but they cannot replace manual testing by accessibility experts and live user experience evaluations.

User Testing by People with Disabilities

Including real users with disabilities in the testing process provides invaluable insights into the actual usability of your website or web application. This can reveal issues missed by automated tools and help you understand how accessibility barriers impact real people.

Manual Accessibility Auditing

Accessibility experts have in-depth knowledge of WCAG guidelines and can conduct comprehensive manual audits, providing detailed reports and recommendations for improvement.

A Collaborative Approach

The most effective strategy combines automated and user testing with expert audits and consultation. This layered approach helps you identify and address accessibility issues at different levels, creating a truly inclusive website experience for everyone.

3 High-Level Best Practices for Creating Accessible Websites

Web developers and designers play a pivotal role in cultivating an inclusive digital landscape. By incorporating accessible design patterns and consulting with accessibility experts, they can make their websites and digital interfaces more usable and welcoming to all users. Here are some game-changing tips to achieve this goal:

Employ Accessible Design Patterns

Don't reinvent the wheel! Established accessible design patterns offer proven solutions for common website issues with step-by-step procedures to help you set up success, offering consistency and usability for everyone. Resources like the WAI-ARIA library and the A11Y Project can help provide valuable guidance.

10 Top Tips for Using Accessible Design Patterns

Implementing accessible design patterns helps you make websites navigable, understandable, and operable for users with various disabilities. Here are some suggestions on how to best incorporate them:

  • Use Semantic HTML
    Use HTML elements for their intended purpose. For example, use <button> for buttons and <nav> for navigation links. This helps screen readers interpret and communicate the structure of the website to users.
  • Use ARIA Patterns in Expected Ways
    Be sure to use widgets and controls that are appropriate for the task, so users can easily understand what they need to do. And, use correct markup and scripting to manage interaction, and CSS to style visually. 
  • Make Controls Effective
    Design controls and interfaces responsibly so that they can be easily operated by people with disabilities, especially when supporting touchscreen interaction. Controls should be large enough to activate comfortably, and spaced well apart to minimize accidental activation or wrong input. Include options for users to cancel or undo an action.
  • Keep Navigation Order Consistent
    Match list structure with navigation hierarchy. Keep visual focus order aligned with assistive technology reading order. And, don’t change main navigation elements from page to page.
  • Don’t Skip the Skip Links
    Skip navigation links allow users to bypass repetitive content, like navigation menus, and jump directly to the main content. This is particularly useful for screen reader users and those who rely on keyboard navigation.
  • Critical: Use Correct ARIA
    Use ARIA, but don’t use ARIA if it is incorrect or improperly used.
  • Implement ARIA Landmarks
    Use WAI-ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) landmarks and HTML sectioning to identify regions of the page (like banners, navigation, and main content), making it easier for screen reader users to navigate and find information. This is a good place to contain breadcrumbs.
  • Check Your UI’s Accessibility Support
    For third-party UI libraries such as Bootstrap, study documentation so you know what accessibility it inherently supports, and where you will be required to add in missing support for accessibility.
  • Develop Keyboard Interface
    Make all interactive elements keyboard-navigable. This is essentials for users who cannot navigate with a mouse. They use keys and keyboard shortcuts to navigate content.
  • Label It
    Label all interactive elements clearly, offering name, role and value information, with visual labels that match their accessible names. For example, for forms, give clear and descriptive visible and accessible labeling to all required input fields, instructions and error or success messages, so that they are explicit and provide guidance that helps users fill out and submit forms. And, offer suggestions for error recovery. This helps users recognize and correct mistakes, and continue using your website without frustration.

Keep Content Clear

While this covers a lot of ground, consider the users who will eventually read your content. Write with clarity for easier comprehension, and set text for optimal readability and easy skimming at every level.

  • Can users understand what you’ve written, or is it buzzword gibberish studded with acronyms?
  • Have you set text so that users can zoom in or out without losing information?
  • Is your text logically structured including appropriate heading tags (H1, H2, H3) so that all users, especially users with disabilities, can find their way through without getting lost?
  • Will your content work and be easy to view, understand and navigate on different devices?
  • Is all your text actual text, or is some of it stuck in images that can’t be read by screen readers?
  • Have you provided alt text for all visual elements and the messages they convey?
  • Is your text sitting on a murky background that does not have enough contrast, causing readability issues for all users, especially those with visual impairment and cognitive disabilities?

Once you’ve thought through all the content clarity checkpoints above, either start writing and formatting, or review what you’ve written and formatted. There’s always something that can be improved.

Consult with Accessibility Experts

While accessible design patterns provide a strong foundation, consulting with accessibility experts can take your website to the next level. Experts can offer personalized advice and identify specific web accessibility challenges within your site that may not be immediately obvious. Here's how experts can help:

  1. Accessibility Audits
    An expert can conduct thorough accessibility audits, providing a detailed analysis of your website's accessibility status and offering practical advice on removing barriers and adjusting for accessibility. Be sure to audit at least annually, or after any significant changes to your website.
  2. Training and Workshops
    Accessibility experts can provide training sessions for your design and development teams, educating them and getting them up to date on the latest accessibility standards and techniques.
  3. Ongoing Support
    Establishing a working relationship with accessibility experts means you have ongoing support you can trust to help maintain and update your website's accessibility as standards evolve and new technologies emerge.

Now, Let’s Explore Accessibility’s Future

Web accessibility is constantly unfolding, fueled by innovation and propelled by the dream of a truly inclusive digital space. Let's explore some future improvements that could happen sooner than we think:

AI and Machine Learning: Powerful Allies

  • Integration into Tools & Platforms
    Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning integration offers exciting possibilities for web accessibility. These technologies can automate complex tasks such as generating alt text for images.
  • Automated Testing Advancements
    In the near future, AI-powered tools may not only identify accessibility issues but also suggest solutions and even automatically fix them. This could revolutionize testing efficiency and accuracy.
  • Personalized Accessibility
    Sometime soon, AI could personalize website experiences based on individual user needs and preferences, creating a truly “custom-fit” accessibility experience.
  • Content Adaptation and Generation
    With just a little developmental push to move them forward, AI-powered tools could adapt existing content or even generate new content that's inherently accessible, further reducing barriers for diverse audiences.

We can expect to see the development of more sophisticated solutions that address a wider range of accessibility challenges. This could include improvements in voice recognition software to benefit users with motor impairments, screen readers that offer more natural and intuitive navigation for visually impaired and blind users, and virtual reality (VR) environments designed with accessibility in mind.

The Indispensable Human Touch

While technology offers immense promise, we cannot do without human understanding and input. Here's why:

  • Ethical Considerations
    AI development and deployment must be inclusive and address potential biases against any user group. Human oversight is a critical step in keeping AI advancement ethical and responsible, in accessibility for people with disabilities, and elsewhere.
  • Contextual Nuances
    We still know us best. Technology may struggle to grasp subtle nuances in human communication and cultural contexts. Human expertise remains essential to interpret user needs and tailor accessibility solutions accordingly.
  • Continuous Improvement
    Accessibility isn't a one-time achievement; it's an ongoing journey. Human ingenuity and creativity are vital for developing new solutions, advocating for inclusive design, and driving continuous progress.

The Path Ahead: Balancing & Collaboration

After our travels through some basic and more complex thoughts on web and digital accessibility, let’s look at what lies ahead for us, individually and collectively. Perhaps the future is a mystery, or, like all puzzles, it is solvable, whether by learning, guesswork, or the inexorable effects of time. It is clear that no matter what else it holds, the future of web accessibility must be approached collaboratively, using cutting-edge technology to accelerate progress, but knowing it can never replace human understanding and involvement. If we can create and sustain balanced partnerships between technologists, accessibility experts, and end users from diverse communities, we can build a digital future that's accessible for everyone: a truly welcoming virtual homestead, where the doors are always open and the digital fireplace is always lit.

By embarking on an accessibility journey, we acknowledge the value and potential of every individual. We add voices, perspectives, and talents that enrich our communities. We build a stronger, more vibrant present, and we pave the way for a future where participation is truly equal, potential is unbound, and the digital world mirrors the inclusivity of the human spirit at its best. Accessibility isn't a finish line, but a path we walk together, step by step, towards a more equitable and connected world for all.


How does web accessibility impact mobile applications?

Implementing accessibility in mobile apps starts with understanding the need for responsive design as well as other aspects of accessibility. Designing with sufficient color contrast, providing text alternatives for images, setting voice-over compatibility, and supporting screen magnification make the user experience better and more accessible for individuals with disabilities and overall, making apps more versatile and user-friendly.

Can small businesses afford to implement web accessibility?

Generally, yes. Many accessibility improvements, such as semantic HTML, proper use of headings, and keyboard navigability, do not require a significant dip into resources. And, prioritizing accessibility from the start of a project can reduce costs associated with retrofitting a site for accessibility later on. There are also free tools and resources available to help small businesses assess and improve their website's accessibility.

How can organizations be compliant with both the ADA and Section 508?

By designing websites and digital content that meet WCAG standards, organizations can address both ADA and Section 508 requirements, because the WCAG is the foundation of both of these laws, as well as many others. Regular accessibility audits, employee accessibility training, and involving people with disabilities in the design and testing processes are also effective compliance strategies.

Is there a one-size-fits-all solution for accessibility?

Accessibility needs vary depending on individual abilities and preferences, and your web and digital materials and interfaces have their own quirks. The one-size solution is simply to design with flexibility and inclusivity in mind.

Top 5 Accessibility